Kishanganj, Baran (2001)

Kishanganj Block: Kishanganj block was one of the first blocks where FED started its work in June of 2001. It has covered 161 villages working with 6115 adolescents. However, Kishanganj remains a challenge to development planners.

The block is situated in the Aravali mountain range. Nearly half of the land of the block is covered by degraded forest. 47% of the population consists of SC and ST communities. The Saharia tribals are the most prominent. They are economically impoverished and socially isolated. Most of the Saharias are landless. The area is geographically prone to drought; hence drinking water is a major problem. There is a high rate of unemployment which leads to migration among young people to neighbouring Madhya Pradesh and Kota. Because of massive deforestation, the Saharias have been uprooted from their traditional lifestyle and livelihood.

The overall literacy rate of Kishanganj block is 59% compared to 67% in Baran district. Traditionally deprived of educational opportunities, women have a low literacy rate of 45% which is 28% less than the literacy rate of men. Child marriage and early pregnancy are prevalent. The culture and language of teaching is not in tune with the routine and life cycles of the tribal community.